From the Desk of Fishery DEPARTMENT
Status of Fishery Sector with special reference to
Implementation of RKVY Schemes in the state of
Assam is endowed with 3.90 lakh ha of diversified water resources
which include ponds and community tanks, river fisheries, beels, oxbow lakes and derelict water bodies. About 90% population of the state are fish eaters
and there is a great demand of fish in the state. The State is also rich in aquatic bio diversity with 216 identified fish species. The present fish
production level of about 2.44 lakh ton during 2011-12 can be boosted up manifold with wise utilization of these resources with scientific approach.
Beel fisheries are regarded as the granaries of fish, the area where concentration need to be focused for minimising the gap between production and
requirement. The State is the second highest producer of fish seed in the country with production of 4490 million during 2011-12 in the form of
“fish fry” but standard size quality fish seed of quality (fingerling) at right time is yet to be achieved uniformly throughout the State. However,
the State is implementing Assam Fish Seed Rules 2010, first of its kind in the country for regulation on fish seed production for quality fish seed.
Fishery Sector has a higher growth rate than other agriculture and allied sectors and could play a pivotal role in the socio-economic development
and employment generation in the state. Fish farming as a profitable economic activity, which is gradually gaining popularity amongst the farming
communities in the state, as farmers have taken up seed and fish farming on commercial scales as a result of extensive awareness campaign by the
In view of the importance of the sector in providing nutrition to the people , employment generation and livelihood to the rural
sector, and in view of the bright prospects for the sector to grow further, State Government has been giving due emphasis to the sector. The Department
of Fisheries has been implementing various types of development schemes to boost up the production of fish and fish seed for a last couple of years.
RKVY being the flag ship program for overall development of the agriculture sector including the fisheries sector, the amount of annual allocation to
the State appears to be some what not in proportion to the potential for fisheries development in the State. The Department has been implementing the
RKVY programme since 2008-09. Under the programme, the Department has been able to construct about 640 ha of new pond and converted 590 ha of derelict
body into Community Tank for table fish production in different nooks and corners of the state till December 2012. The Department also refurbishes 350 ha
of existing pond for table fish production. For making available of standard size fish seed with good quality at the farmers door step, the Department
of Fisheries has already commissioned 25 Mini Improved Fish Seed Hatchery in different districts of the state. For rearing the produced seed in the
hatcheries, 35 ha of Nursery pond and 350 ha of Rearing Tank also has been newly excavated and about 100 ha of Rearing tank has been renovated for raising
of fry to fingerling. Integration of Fish with Pig and that of Paddy has also been introduced under RKVY schemes to produce more fish from unit area.
Under the new initiative schemes, the Department have also introduced in the private sector for the first time (i) Kuchia (fresh water eel) culture (ii)
Fresh Water Prawn (Macrobrachium rossenbergii, M. malcolmsonii) culture and (iii) aerators in the departmental farm. In addition to above, three (3) Fresh
Water Prawn Hatcheries have been commissioned in 3 Departmental farms located at Meen Bhawan Complex, Guwahati, Islamabad Fish Farm, Bhaga (Cachar) and
Agamoni Fish Seed Farm, Dhubri. The seed production from the prawn hatchery, the first of its kind in the state, located at Guwahati has already been
started and able to produce about 50000 PL 20 in the last breeding season (June- September/ 2012). To make available of quality fish feed at reasonable
rate at the farmers field, already 3 Fish Feed mills have been commissioned, one each in Jorhat, Cachar and Karimganj districts. In addition to that 7
Fish Feed Mills are under different stages of construction in different districts of the state.