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Sustainable agriculture for enough food, employement and wealth. More emphasis to accelerate transition from traditional to commercial agriculture.

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To increase production and productivity of Agricultural crops, increasing farm income with the aim of minimum 4% annual growth in Agriculture.

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Rashtriya Krishi Vikash Yosana, Assam, India
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  • From the Desk of SERICULTURE DEPARTMENT

    SERICULTURE IN ASSAM

      Sericulture is a major cottage Industry in Assam, comprising of both Mulberry and Non-Mulberry silk worm culture and production of its natural silk. Non mulberry silk in general Muga and Eri silk in particular have closely associated with the rituals and traditions of Assam, and thus silk production and its uses has been an important household activities leading to economic development of a large section of rural people. It is practised in more than 10532 villages and provides self employment to 2.60 lakh of families approx. Amongst these, Muga, the non-mulberry silk worm rearing and its silk production stand a unique position not only in Assam but also in the global map of sericulture. 94 % Muga silk and 62 % of Eri silk is produced in Assam for and placed in 3rd position in silk production in the country. Assam alone produces 2012.70 MT of eri silk and 118.04 MT of Muga silk and 23.40 MT Mulberry silk during the year 2013-14.. The total different types of silk worm food plantation available in the state are 1453.02 hactre Som (Muga ), 825.25 hactre in Eri and 720.00 hactre in Mulberry, and abounded wild Oak plantation for Tassar in Karbi Anglong and Dima Haso districts. The yield production of leaf (Silk worm's food ), in these plantation are at 16-18 MT in Som, 20-30 MT in Keseru and 6-9 MT in Mulberry per hactre.

       The period requires for completion of a silk worm crop varies from 22 to 90 days depending on the climatic condition. Generally in Assam, the silk worm farmers take of silk worm rearing 4 to 5 crops per year during leisure time, thereby earning Rs 8000/- to 20000/- per crop. This sericulture industry takes a vital role in eliminating poverty and for self employment. This sericulture department is running 336 No sericulture farms and centres in the entire Assam, excluding two no hills autonomous council and Boroland Teretorial Council. These sericulture farms were established for maintaining the indigenous

      Varieties of silk worm races, which are required for cross breed races. The sericulture centres, ie, the Eri Concentration Centre (ECC), and Collective Mulberry Garden(CMG), are running by the department where the local village landless sericulture farmers uses the silk worm food plants leaves ( silk worm food), in their silk worm rearing, by paying a nominial rate as Govt. revenue. The Muga silk worm rearers uses the Som (Muga silk worm food), plants for rearing of Muga silk worm in the tree itself, as the Muga silk worms aresemi wild in nature. One more variety of silk worm the "Oak Tassar". Is also found in Dima Hasao and Karbi Anglong districts, which are completely wild in nature. This silk worm feeds on Oak plant's leaf. Moreover plantation of silk worm food plants is maintaining the deforestation and eco-balance.

      The golden colour of the natural muga silk is the only silk whose colour do not fade even after using for prolong time and the warmness of Eri cloth increases day by day of its oldness. These natural silk plays a vital role in the socio culture of Assamese people, mostly in marriages and different festivals. The silk worms and its pupa having very good protein food value for the indigenous tribal people of Assam. Now a days the matured Eri silk worm, separating from its silk cocoons and the pupae have very good demand in the market for its proteinous food value.

       The silk cocoons produced from the above types of silk worms finally either reeled or spun for production of silk. These silks are used by the weavers of the state for production of different types of fabrics as finished products. Thereby a huge number of women population in Assam are getting good self employment in weaving sector.

      To boost up development of sericulture both in Govt. and private sector, a considerable amount of fund is required. During 2013-14, Rastriya Krishi Vikash Yuojona, is extending financial support and allocation of an amount of Rs 5.00 crore (Rupees Five crore) is received for implementation of the following scheme. Out of this allocated amount Rs 2.50 crore (Rupees Two Crore and Fifty Lakh is released against the implemented RKVY scheme, 2013-14 as Ist instalment. Thereby 19 No Govt. sericulture farms and 828 nos private sericulture farmers are being supported through this RKVY project for development of Sericulture Industry.

    Details of the RKVY Project :-

    :: Name of the Project :- Development of MUGA, ERI & MULBERRY

                                                                ( Rs in Lakh )

    Sl
    No

    Item of works / scheme

    Total project cost

    Ist half release

    1

    2

     

    3

    4

    5

    Infrastructure Development

    Silk Worm Food Plantation  

    Development

    Machiniary & Equipment cost

    Silk Worm Seed Subsidy,

    Administrative Cost for the project

    252.75

    63.71

     

    67.85

    130.65

    5.04

    168.00

    43.71

     

    2.00

    33.00  

    3.29        

                           Total

    500.00

    250.00



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